A Traumatic Brain Injury is an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, such as the head being hit by something or shaken violently, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a student’s educational performance. Traumatic brain injury applies to open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, such as cognition; language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgment; problem-solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior; physical functions; information processing; and speech, that affects a student’s educational performance. Traumatic brain injury does not apply to brain injuries that are congenital or degenerative, or to brain injuries induced by birth trauma.
It’s very helpful to read more about traumatic brain injuries. Following are links to additional information:
NICHCY Traumatic Brain Injury Resources
The National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities (NICHCY) offers brief, but detailed fact sheets on Traumatic Brain Injuries. Each fact sheet defines the disability, describes its characteristics, offers tips for parents and teachers, and connects you with related information and organizations with special expertise.
Brain Injury Association of Utah (BIAU)
The mission of the Brain Injury Association of Utah is to create a better future through brain injury prevention, research, education, and advocacy.
Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
This website includes a fact sheet and an extensive list of resources.
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Information Page
Visit this site to learn what TBI is, treatments, prognosis, research that is being done, and organizations that you can contact.